A struggle between livelihoods and forest conservation: A case of Mau forest in Kenya

There is an increasing understanding that forests have played a crucial role in sustaining livelihoods among the rural communities and has been key element in poverty reduction strategies. Contrary to this major contribution, the dilemma encountered by the forest dependent communities is to ensure that the source of their livehoods is sustained while the government and other conservation stakeholders interest is to protect and conserve forest.

Efficacy of phosphoric acid and stinging nettle extract in the management of late blight of potato

Late blight of potato caused by P. infestans is the major disease constraint to potato production in Kenya. Knowledge on sensitivity of late blight pathogen (Phytopthora infestans) to metalaxyl and different fungicide and evaluation of alternative fungicides is important for effective management of late blight. Studies were carried out at two sites in Kenya to evaluate the efficacy of phosphoric acid and stinging nettle compared to other commonly used fungicides, Ridomil and Dithane M45 in the management of potato late blight.

Distribution of fusarium species and the occurrence of toxigenic strains of fusarium verticillioides and fusarium proliferatum in Nandi County, Kenya

Maize is a staple food and feed commodity in Kenya. It is grown on abou t 1.4 million hectares of cropland with an annual estimated yield of 28 tonnes. One of the main concerns of maize production is maize ear rot disease. There have been numerous reports of fungal ear rot in maize crops, principal of which is Fusarium ear rot. Fusarium ear rot contamination can lead to fumonisin contamination in the grain and exposure to fumonisins has been linked to serious negative health effects in both humans and animals.

Health provider factors associated with reporting of adverse drug reactions in Kenyatta national hospital

Background: Medicines are an important component of public health because they are used to prevent and treat disease; however the use of medicines may cause harm to the patient. An adverse drug reaction is harm that arises from the use of a drug. Adverse drug reactions have a huge impact on the health system since they result in drug-related morbidity and mortality as well as indirect costs such as loss of productivity at work.

Tectonic evolution of Mui basin and the depositional sequence of the basin sediments

This study was conducted over the Mui Basin which is located in the south eastern parts of Kenya. It focuses on the tectonic evolution and depositional history of the basin. One of the motivating factors for the choice of this basin is the recently discovery of coal deposits reserves of well into millions of metric tons within the basin. In order to maximize on the costs of exploration, exploitation and development of such resources ones’ understanding of the same is crucial.

Anti-viral activities of selected Kenyan medicinal plants against the hepatitis - B virus

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is a human pathogen causing serious liver disease. The virus is the major cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide. It is endemic in many parts of the world especially in Asia and Africa, and an estimated 2 billion people are infected, with over 600,000 dying each year. Kenya has been considered among high endemic areas for HBV infection with upward trends of sero-prevalence among blood donors being observed.

The Impact of the World Trade Organization's Agreement on Agriculture on Kenya's Agricultural Trade Sector: 1995-2003

The study set out to identify what benefits or losses the Kenyan agricultural sector had accrued as a result of implementing the WTO's Agreement on Agriculture. The study entailed the collection of primary data through administering of questions that were formulated following the operationalization of independent and dependent variables of the study. Secondary data was collected through consultation of relevant books, journals, websites, magazines as well as newspapers.

Phytochemical investigation of three leguminosae Plants for larvicidal activity against aedes aegypti

The family Leguminosae is known to synthesize a range of flavonoids and isoflavonoids that possess wide varieties of biological activities. Among these, larvicidal activity is associated with the rotenoids; mainly found in the genera Tephrosia, Derris, Millettia and Lonchocarpus. Investigation of these plants could result in the identification of biodegradable and cost effective larvicidal agents to control mosquito borne diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. Three plants from this family namely Millettia oblata spp.

Risk factors, management and outcomes of drug induced hepatic injury among adult patients with liver disease at Kenyatta national hospital

Background: Globally, liver injury due to medicines is a growing medical, scientific and public health problem. Over the past two decades, reports from World Health Organization have shown that there has been a rising number of patients with drug induced liver disease. Published literature on the local prevalence of possible drug-induced liver disease cases, associated risk factors as well as management of these conditions remains scanty.

Quality and safety of sun-dried cassava chips and flour in Kenyan markets and tent solar dried cassava chips

Cassava is rich in carbohydrates and is the third most important source of calories in the tropics. However, it poses food safety risks to the consumers due to naturally occurring cyanogenic glucosides and the handling and processing practices employed which may expose it to microbial contamination. This study aimed at determination of the levels of microbiological contamination, cyanide and mycotoxin levels of cassava chips and flour in Coastal (Mombasa) and Nairobi markets and assessment of tent solar drying and size of chips on safety and quality of cassava chips.


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